Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to conditions affecting the heart and blood vessels. It is an umbrella term that encompasses diseases like coronary artery disease, heart failure, stroke, hypertension, and more. CVD remains a leading cause of mortality globally, responsible for over 17 million deaths per year.
The most common cause underlying most CVD is atherosclerosis - the buildup of plaque inside the arteries over time. This plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in blood. As it accumulates, it leads to hardening and narrowing of the arteries, limiting blood flow.
Some key risk factors for developing CVD include:
Managing these risk factors is crucial to preventing CVD. Lifestyle changes like eating healthy, exercising regularly, avoiding tobacco can make a huge difference. When needed, medications to control blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar also reduce CVD risk substantially.
The symptoms of CVD can vary based on the specific condition, but common ones include:
Getting evaluated quickly for these symptoms is important, as heart attacks and strokes often require urgent treatment.
If you have CVD risk factors or suspect you may have symptoms, please consult your doctor and consider getting checked out at Vitality Health Center. Our comprehensive hormone optimization programs not only help manage weight, diabetes, cholesterol and blood pressure, but also boost energy levels, mental clarity and quality of life.